Speed climbing has been in the news a lot lately, and not in a good way. There is no way around it: speed climbing is more dangerous than “regular” climbing, where I’ll define regular climbing as pitched-out, bomber-belay, one-climber-climbing-at-a-time climbing. But isn’t this all just academic for the average climber, you ask? Isn’t the speed game just for the elite climbers of the world? As it turns out, just like average climbers can work multiple days on their 5.11 redpoint projects, the average climber can play the speed game, too, either at a slower pace or on easier routes.
Okay, so the average climber can play the speed game… But should they? That depends on the climber. Some feel threatened by the speed game, as if others battling the clock diminishes their own climbing. They lash out, disdain the pursuit of speed as silly and beneath them, and explain how they’d rather savor the views, the rock and the wind. It doesn’t have to be an either/or choice, though. Just as runners can go for a leisurely jog or race a 5K, climbers—be they mountaineers or boulderers, alpine climbers or gym rats, trad climbers or sport climbers, ice junkies or big wallers—can choose to make speed a part of their practice or not.
While climbing against the clock might be more dangerous than regular climbing, it’s not binary. There are plenty of climbs in Eldorado Canyon, Colorado, where dangerous, even deadly falls are possible. Climbers frequently run out well-protected climbs because they feel solid. All climbing has some danger to it. Heck, life is dangerous. The distinction seems to be that speed climbers are taking bigger risks, but that’s not necessarily the case.
His latest accident aside, when Hans Florine races up El Cap he is likely in less danger than novice climbers on their first multi-pitch trad route. Speed climbing isn’t fundamentally different, risk-wise. All climbing is a constant assessment of the risks. How far am I above my last piece? Where can I put in my next piece? How good is the piece below me? What are the consequences of a fall here? How likely is a fall here? With speed climbing you ask and answer the same questions, using only a couple of different techniques and a different headspace.
When the first edition of Hans and my speed climbing book came out, the publisher insisted on titling it “Efficient Climbing.” I didn’t like the title because it sounded boring, but they thought it would sell better with that title. Turns out that while Speed Climbing was the better title (and subsequently used in the second edition), the first title is more accurate.
To go fast on a route requires you to really learn the route. It isn’t adventure. It’s more like performing a gymnastic routine. It’s like redpointing a hard route, where you need to have it completely wired to avoid falling off. We needed The Yellow Spur completely wired in order to climb it without pausing. In fact, that is what most speed climbing is about: continuous movement.
When you really analyze it (and I have) most climbing is not moving. At all. You are not moving while you rack up, flake the rope, chalk your hands, place protection, set a belay, belay your partner, change over the gear, suss out the moves, back down to rest, etc. Turns out that if you cut out most of that stuff, you can go pretty fast. It isn’t that the climbers are moving that fast—they aren’t. Honnold and Caldwell climbed the Nose in less than two hours and even they weren’t moving that fast. They were “only” moving at 25 feet per minute. World Cup speed climbers move at 500 feet per minute! Of course, they only climb for six seconds. So, completing a long trad route quickly really isn’t as much about climbing fast, as it is about climbing continuously. Strange, I know.
There are just two main techniques that are used in speed climbing to facilitate constant movement: short-fixing and simul-climbing. Short fixing is mainly used in aid climbing, and simul-climbing is mainly used in free climbing. Simul-climbing can be much more dangerous and was likely a contributing factor in the fatal accident of Jason Wells and Tim Klein on the Salathé Wall last June. Still, simul-climbing doesn’t have to be ultra risky. Simul-climbing was the technique Danny and I used on The Yellow Spur.
The biggest risk in simul-climbing is if the second climber falls. In that case, they will likely pull the leader from the wall and directly into the last piece placed. This direct contact eliminates the stress-reducing advantage of a dynamic rope and can generate forces so great that solid gear either rips from the rock or breaks. So, the second can’t fall. That would make most simul-climbing too dangerous for average climbers to justify. This danger can be significantly reduced by the use of Progress Capture Devices (PCDs). These are basically rope ascenders without the handles. They are clipped to bomber gear, the rope threaded through them so it will feed only in the upward direction. The leader climbs normally, pulling the rope through it, but if the second falls, the device stops the rope from pulling back down. The second dangles on the rope as if caught by a belayer above.
There aren’t many that care how fast Danny and I went on The Yellow Spur. There isn’t any fame, money, or adulation, so there are limits to the risks that we’re willing to take. We do this for fun. So, what are those bounds? For us, it is a liberal use of PCDs—in our case Petzl Micro Traxions. We use four of them placed at key locations. While I do run things out quite a bit, it is only on easy ground (5.6 or easier) and I climb extra carefully there. This is a trade-off to placing more gear (extra time and weight) and perhaps climbing faster (less time) in between each piece. Exactly how many PCDs to use and how much gear to place is something that we have refined for ourselves through many laps on this route. As Hans Florine says, “I climb faster when I feel safe.”
Some would ask, “Why take the risk at all?” That’s for each climber to answer for themselves. I’ve introduced a number of people to speed climbing and the reaction is always the same: “That was so fun!” Tommy Caldwell was a bit reluctant to enter the Nose race, but once he sampled it with Alex Honnold, it was too fun not to pursue. When Honnold and Caldwell smashed Gobright and Reynold’s speed record on the Nose, they did it with more safety, not less. Others may climb The Yellow Spur faster than Danny and I and if they do that by taking more risks, that’s fine, but we won’t respond with increasing our own risks. There are lines we will not cross. We want to go as fast as we can while staying within the safety bounds we’ve set for ourselves.
Racing against the clock seems to be part of the human genome. Nearly every sport either has some time component or someone has introduced it. Former American mile-record-holder Steve Scott even put the clock to golf, finishing 18 holes in less than half an hour. Speed climbing was inevitable, but I’m not trying to recruit anyone. In fact, I don’t think anyone should do it without carefully learning the techniques and moving very cautiously into this new experience. I just wanted to explain how even average climbers might do it reasonably safely and why they would enjoy it. For me, on moderate terrain, moving continuously is fun. I hear there is group of scramblers in Boulder that have taken this to its logical conclusion. They literally race up the Flatirons above Boulder, without any pausing or protection. I might have to give that a try next…
Bill Wright is an avid climber and software engineer living in Superior, Colorado. He writes a blog of his climbing adventures (mostly with his 20-year-old son Derek these days) at billwright510climbing. blogspot.com/.
[Check out a video of a speed record on The Naked Edge, Eldorado Canyon]